Dawn of Information Revolution in MedicineWe are still at the early beginnings, but a rapid growth seems to be around the corner. The internet and software advances gave the medical field researchers the opportunity to collect, compare, and reorganize more information in all areas of healthcare including cellular biology and molecular genetics. The use of powerful computers including data-mining and artificial intelligence in both diagnostics and drug design move medical field to new levels of competence.
New approaches to major diseasesMajor resources around the world are dedicated to finding new therapies on chronic diseases and there are many novel approaches to major diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, alzheimer and others.
Among them Immunotherapies in cancer treatment, gene therapies are among rapidly advancing areas while new uses for existing drugs, such as combination therapies and repurposed drugs show promising research results.
Anti-agingThe advances in diagnosis and treatment of diseases are now accompanied with anti-aging research efforts which aim to resolve age-related chronic illnesses and conditions at their roots. Fightaging.org not only has great articles on anti-aging research, but also links to most blogs and publications in the field of anti-aging.
The therapies are still in research phase both with compounds readily available for purchase on the internet and those in trials. Current anti-aging research efforts mostly concentrate on senolytics -removal of senecent cells- but there are biochemists, geneticists, doctors working in research areas on the root causes of aging with the aim of coming up with radical anti-aging strategies.
Exercise and diet for disease prevention or as an adjunct therapyMAIN ARTICLE: Please see Exercise and diet for disease prevention or as an adjunct therapy.
There are two most basic health extending tools we have at hand: exercise and diet are scientifically proven interventions that extend healthspan. See for example The Physiology of Optimizing Health with a Focus on Exercise as Medicine published in February 2019.
Growing body of evidence already shows the efficacy of exercise and diet in the prevention of chronic illnesses, diseases of aging, and aging itself. Though life extension gains can be modest, healthspan gains can be be quite significant.
Now it is time to find exercise/diet combinations designed for a person's needs.
The research on biological processes, pathways, enzyms, that provide the benefits of exercise, diet and calorie restriction continues.
Exercise against aging,
Exercise against cancer,
Exercise Nutrition and Diet,
Exercise Frequency, Type, Timing and Ambient Temperature,
Exercise and Gut Microbiome,
Heart Health and Exercise,
Exercise and the Immune System,
Exercise and Mental Health,
Exercise, mTOR and autophagy.
Nutrition and Eating WindowDiet is another important factor both in the prevention and treatment of diseases. New research suggests that timing of the meals are also important.
Time-restricted feeding is a new type of intervention for healthy living. The full effects are not yet established but not eating at least for 12 hours a day is suggested by a growing number of research studies.
Intermittant fasting is gaining ground among health professionals and enthusiasts. 16-8 is suggested by some doctors and research studies, where feeding window is restricted to 8 hours per day, usually accomplished by skipping breakfast or dinner.
Ketognetic diet is a type of diet that relies largely on fat for fuel as opposed to current carbonhydrate heavy diets.
Moreover, Dr. Valter Longo has shown intriguing initial results with his 5 day fasting mimicking diet. Water-only fasting for 1-5 days is a debated issue and currently many doctors caution against it. Fasting mimicking diets proponents suggest that these diets lower or prevent risks associated with water-only fasting.
Some doctors designed modified fasting mimicking diets.
SupplementsResearch suggests that it is best to get nutrients from food rather than supplements. Yet, depending on a person's condition supplements might be necessary as suggested by doctors. There are studies that suggest some supplements are helpful in the prevention of some medical conditions.
In the field of anti-aging, some supplements show preliminary positive results on certain organs and health conditions. Others have shown senolytic effects in a number of trials.
As the anti-aging field develops and new research is published, the efficacy of existing and new supplements will be more clear.
Moreover, there are some trials combining the use of supplements, diet and exercise.
Heat TherapyThere are many long term study results that show regular sauna use to be beneficial for heart health. Some articles on the effects of heat stress on health effects of heat stress on health on Dr. Rhonda Patrick's website.
Integrative MedicineHealth and happiness depend on many factors, both enviromental and personal. Body and mind connection, social interactions, purpose in life are all important factors in our health and well-being. Adequate sleep, good relations with friends and family, learning ways to cope with stress are integral to healthy living.
Getting the Word OutAlready some of the leading researchers say that getting the word out for new therapies (for cancer and others) is difficult. Hence it is important for both health professionals and healthy living advocates to check for new therapies.
Patients should discuss new therapies with their doctors to learn about all their options.